The three causes of terrorism response, science homework help

The three causes of terrorism selected for this discussion are cultural, economic, and ideological. According to the video by Laureate Education Inc. (2010), terrorism is the result of methodical planning, fueled by cultural, political, and social ideologies. First, cultural causes of terrorism may play a role in Al Qaida’s hatred towards the United States in their attacks in 1993 and 2001. According to McEntire (2009), there are some civilizations in the world who oppose western culture because of the United States’ political, economic, and military power. Certain groups, such as Islamic fundamentalists, oppose those who support a capitalist economic system used in western society (McEntire, 2009). “Huntington and Barber bring up some intriguing points about the cultural dimensions of terrorism. In particular, is certainly clear that there are significant disagreements about culture and that acts of violence have emanated because of opposing traditions and viewpoints” (McEntire, 2009, Pg. 51).

The second cause of terrorism selected for this discussion is economic causes. Some acts of terrorism arise out of frustration with impoverished conditions. Some react to their poverty through acts of violence and terrorism (McEntire, 2009). “Alberto Abadie notes that “much of the modern-day transnational terrorism seems to generate from grievances against rich countries” (Lozada2005, 1)” (McEntire, 2009, Pg. 45). Economic inequality must be given serious consideration as a cause for terrorism. Ervin Staub, PhD, describes difficult conditions of life, such as economic deterioration, as a common cause of terrorism (Laureate Education Inc., 2010). Poor groups with less power are often heavily impacted by poor economic conditions. They may, therefore, turn to terrorism (Laureate Education Inc., 2010).

The third cause of terrorism for this discussion is ideology. Ideologies leading to terrorism typically revolve around political and religious beliefs (McEntire, 2009). “Ideologies are comprehensive theoretical viewpoints that often recommend certain types of political action. They are often referred to as “secular religions”” (McIntire, 2009, Pg. 54). Ideologies can be assessed on five bases: scope, coherence, pervasiveness, extensiveness, and intensiveness (McEntire, 2009). The intensiveness of the ideology demonstrates the person’s commitment to a particular belief (McEntire, 2009). “Religious beliefs may be used by some people to endorse terrorism and counter the advances of secular society” (McEntire, 2009, Pg. 56). Many Muslims prefer a government run by clerics rather than secular governments (McEntire, 2009). Usama Bin Laden used religious ideology, in addition to other grievances, to justify the attacks on 9-11.


Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2010). Terrorism: Legislation and policy: Causes of terrorism. Baltimore: Author.

McEntire, D. A. (2009). Introduction to homeland security: Understanding terrorism with an emergency management perspective. New York: Wiley.

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